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Where Are Coins Minted in the United States?

August 05, 20102933 view(s)

The United States Mint currently operates six different facilities, though only four of those mint coins. The two facilities that don’t mint coins are the United States Bullion Depository in Fort Knox and the United States Mint Headquarters in Washington, D.C. The four facilities that mint coins are the following:


Coins in the United States are minted in four different facilities.


West Point Mint, New York


The West Point Mint was constructed in 1937, but at that time was known as the West Point Bullion Depository. Its primary function from 1937 until 1973 was to store silver bullion and other valuable items for the federal government. It wasn’t until 1973 that it began minting coins.

West Point Mint

It wasn't until the pivotal year of 1973 that the West Point Bullion Depository embarked on a new chapter, transitioning from a bastion of storage to a hub of coin production. This transformation marked a significant milestone in the mint's legacy, as it began to craft the very currency that would circulate throughout the nation.

In its initial foray into coin minting, the West Point Mint introduced the humble Lincoln cents, devoid of any mint mark, between 1973 and 1986. These coins, though unassuming in appearance, symbolized the mint's entry into the realm of national currency production.


The late 1970s witnessed the minting of quarters, including both the Bicentennial and Washington varieties, further solidifying West Point's role in shaping the nation's monetary landscape. Concurrently, the mint found itself entrusted with the storage of an astounding $20 billion worth of gold, underscoring its status as a bastion of financial security.

It wasn't until the year 1988 that the West Point Mint received official recognition as a branch of the esteemed United States Mint. With this distinction came the introduction of the iconic "W" mint mark, proudly adorning coins minted within its walls and serving as a testament to their origin and quality.


Today, the West Point Mint stands as a beacon of numismatic excellence, blending decades of tradition with a relentless pursuit of innovation. Its coins not only bear the mark of craftsmanship but also carry with them a legacy rooted in the annals of American history. As investors and enthusiasts alike marvel at the coins minted within its confines, they bear witness to the enduring legacy of the West Point Mint—a legacy built on precision, integrity, and the enduring spirit of numismatic ingenuity.


Philadelphia Mint

The Philadelphia Mint is the first mint created for the United States and was the first building created under the new Constitution of the United States. Built in 1792, the Mint in Philadelphia has gone through four different buildings, with the most recent one being built in 1969. The third Philadelphia Mint has since been turned into the Community College of Philadelphia.

The Mint in Philadelphia mints coins (up to a million in thirty minutes), medals for the military, and engraves dies and strikers—the only facility that does so in the United States. Although circulated coins minted here before 1980 bore no mint mark, all coins except for the penny has since bore the “P” mint mark.

Philadelphia Mint


Since its inception, the Philadelphia Mint has undergone a remarkable evolution, spanning four distinct edifices, each a testament to the institution's enduring legacy. The most recent addition, erected in 1969, stands as a testament to the Mint's unwavering commitment to excellence and innovation. Remarkably, the third iteration of the Philadelphia Mint has been repurposed, now serving as the esteemed Community College of Philadelphia—a fitting transformation that reflects the city's embrace of progress while honoring its rich heritage.

Central to the Philadelphia Mint's mission is the meticulous crafting of coins, a process characterized by precision and dedication. With the capacity to mint up to a million coins in a mere thirty minutes, it stands as a beacon of efficiency and productivity within the numismatic world. Moreover, the Mint's capabilities extend beyond coinage, encompassing the production of medals for the military and the engraving of dies and strikers—an honor bestowed upon it as the sole facility of its kind in the United States.


As the custodian of America's numismatic heritage, the Philadelphia Mint stands as a testament to the nation's enduring pursuit of excellence and innovation. With each coin minted and every medal struck, it weaves together the threads of history, honoring the past while shaping the future of American currency. In the hallowed halls of the Philadelphia Mint, the spirit of ingenuity and tradition converge, forging a legacy that transcends time and resonates with generations to come.


Denver Mint


The largest producer of coins in the world, the Denver Mint Branch first opened in 1897 and minted its first coins in 1906. In the first year, 167 million coins were minted and the Denver Mint quickly grew from there. Coins minted in Denver bear the “D” mint mark, previously used by the Dahlonega Mint in Georgia.

From its modest beginnings, the Denver Mint swiftly ascended to prominence, its inaugural year witnessing the minting of an impressive 167 million coins—a testament to its burgeoning role in the nation's coinage landscape. In the decades that followed, the Denver Mint continued to expand its operations, cementing its status as a powerhouse of coin production.


Opened in response to the California Gold Rush, the San Francisco Mint was opened in 1854 and has since been located in three different facilities, with its most recent building having been opened in 1937. Since then San Francisco has seen a suspension of minting circulating coinage from 1955 through 1968, a resumption for supplemental coinage until 1974, and the coinage of almost exclusively proof coinage since then. The Susan B. Anthony dollar was minted here from 1979-1981 and bore the “S” mint mark.


Coins minted in Denver proudly bear the distinctive "D" mint mark, an emblem of their origin and the meticulous craftsmanship synonymous with the Denver Mint. Interestingly, the "D" mint mark holds historical significance, having been previously used by the Dahlonega Mint in Georgia—an intriguing link between two pivotal chapters in American numismatic history.

Meanwhile, on the sun-kissed shores of California, the San Francisco Mint emerged in 1854, its genesis intertwined with the frenzied allure of the California Gold Rush. Since its inception, the San Francisco Mint has weathered the winds of change, relocating thrice before finding its current abode in 1937—a testament to its resilience and adaptability.

Throughout its storied existence, the San Francisco Mint has witnessed the ebb and flow of coinage production, navigating through periods of suspension and resurgence with unwavering resolve. From the suspension of circulating coinage between 1955 and 1968 to the subsequent resumption for supplemental coinage until 1974, its journey has been marked by both triumphs and challenges.

A notable chapter in the San Francisco Mint's narrative lies in its role as the birthplace of the Susan B. Anthony dollar—a symbol of progress and equality minted between 1979 and 1981. Adorned with the distinctive "S" mint mark, these coins serve as a poignant reminder of the Mint's contribution to the tapestry of American coinage.


As guardians of American numismatic heritage, both the Denver and San Francisco Mints stand as pillars of excellence, their legacies woven into the fabric of the nation's identity. With each coin minted and every mark struck, they pay homage to a legacy steeped in tradition and innovation, leaving an indelible imprint on the annals of history.

San Francisco Mint

The San Francisco Mint, nestled along the sun-drenched shores of California, occupies a revered position as a cornerstone of American numismatics. Its illustrious tale traces back to the heady days of the California Gold Rush, with its genesis in 1854 marking a pivotal moment in the nation's monetary history. Since its inception, the San Francisco Mint has served as a bastion of craftsmanship and innovation, shaping the very fabric of American coinage.


Through the passage of time, the San Francisco Mint has stood witness to the ebbs and flows of history, its journey punctuated by resilience and reinvention. Across three distinct facilities, each a testament to progress and evolution, the Mint has remained steadfast in its commitment to excellence.


In 1937, the San Francisco Mint unveiled its latest incarnation—a beacon of architectural splendor that stands as a testament to the Mint's enduring legacy. Within its hallowed halls, generations of artisans have meticulously crafted coins that bear the hallmark of quality and distinction.

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The Mint's storied history is marked by moments of both triumph and challenge. From the suspension of circulating coinage between 1955 and 1968 to the subsequent resumption for supplemental coinage until 1974, the Mint's resilience has been tested time and again.


One of the most remarkable chapters in the San Francisco Mint's narrative lies in its role as the birthplace of the Susan B. Anthony dollar—a tribute to the tireless efforts of pioneers in the pursuit of equality. Minted between 1979 and 1981, these coins bore the distinctive "S" mint mark, symbolizing the Mint's enduring commitment to progress and inclusion.


As custodians of America's numismatic heritage, the San Francisco Mint continues to uphold its legacy with unwavering dedication. With each coin minted and every mark struck, it weaves together the threads of history, honoring the past while shaping the future of American currency.


In the luminous glow of the California sun, the San Francisco Mint stands as a beacon of ingenuity and inspiration—a testament to the enduring spirit of American innovation. As its legacy endures, it serves as a reminder of the boundless possibilities that await within the realm of numismatics, inspiring generations to come.

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